The problem is in the Parliament.
Frequent famines[ edit ] Famines in India were very frequent during the period s to s. Due to faulty distribution of food, and because farmers did not receive the true value for their labour, the majority of the population did not get enough food.
They took loans from landlordswho charged high rates of interests and also exploited Green revolution essay in tamil farmers later on to work in their fields to repay the loans farm labourers. Government also helped those under loans. Lack of self-sufficiency[ edit ] Due to traditional agricultural practices, low productivity, and a growing population, often food grains were imported — draining scarce foreign reserves.
It was thought that with the increased production due to the Green Revolution, the government could maintain buffer stock and India could achieve self-sufficiency and self-reliability. Hence, the need was felt to encourage the farmers to increase their production and offer a greater portion of their products for sale in the market.
The new methods in agriculture increased the yield of rice and wheat, which reduced India's dependence on food imports. Criticisms[ edit ] Indian Economic Sovereignty[ edit ] Criticism of the effects of the green revolution include the cost for many small farmers using HYV seeds, with their associated demands of increased irrigation systems and pesticides.
A case study is found in India, where farmers are buying Monsanto BT cotton seeds—sold on the idea that these seeds produced 'natural insecticides'. In reality, they need to still pay for expensive pesticides and irrigation systems, which might lead to increased borrowing to finance the change from traditional seed varieties.
Many farmers have difficulty in paying for the expensive technologies, especially if they have a bad harvest. Indian environmentalist Vandana Shiva writes that this is the "second Green Revolution".
The first Green Revolution, she suggests, was mostly publicly funded by the Indian Government. Ultimately, this is leading to foreign ownership over most of India's farmland. It has caused over-use of soil and rapidly depleted its nutrients. The rampant irrigation practices have led to eventually soil degradation.
Groundwater practices have fallen dramatically. Further, heavy dependence on few major crops has led to loss of biodiversity of farmers.
These problems were aggravated due to absence of training to use modern technology and vast illiteracy leading to excessive use of chemicals. The villages or regions without the access of sufficient water were left out that widened the regional disparities between adopters and non-adopters.
Since, the HYV seeds technically can be applied only in land with assured water supply and availability of other inputs like chemicals, fertilizers etc. The application of the new technology in the dry-land areas is simply ruled out.
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