He is the author of a forthcoming biography, Mobutu: The Rise and Fall of the Leopard King
Excerpt from Term Paper: Herbert Hoover When Herbert Hoover became president inthe foundations of economic stability were already beginning to crumble.
The demand for mass produced items had peaked, and new areas of spending that would recover the downturn were leveling off. Investors were not hurrying to build new areas of growth since market creation was troublesome. Hoover, or the Great Engineer as he called himself, had many plans for large studies of social trends and corresponding services for child welfarehousing, recreation, education and public health.
In fact, he came into office pledging "a chicken in every pot and a car in every garage" and "a final triumph over poverty. However, it did not take long before Hoover found that his attention would be diverted toward much more pressing economic concerns.
Unfortunately, he failed time and time again to minimize these problems and the country went from bad to worse. By the time his term ended inhe was being recognized as one of the most ineffectual presidents in the history of the United States.
The pendulum on his abilities swings from those who feel he was completely incompetent to run the country, especially in such dire times, to those who believe that he did all that was possible and was the one who actually set the stage for Roosevelt, who ironically received all the credit.
It is difficult to find, however, anyone who believed that Hoover did not want the best for the country. Even his most extreme detractors depict him as a man of great vision who tried with his entire mind and heart to do what he thought was right.
He is remembered by many as a president who set out to do the correct thing, but who tragically failed to obtain the confidence of the people due to his style of leadership, ignorance of the fundamental economic problems at work, and the limitations posed on his actions by the confines of his personal philosophy of government.
For example, in her book about Herbert Hoover, Susan Clinton explains that Hoover was one of the best men ever to go into the White House. She points out that even Franklin D. Roosevelt wrote about Hoover in"He is certainly a wonder and I wish we could make him President.
There couldn't be a better one," and Harry Truman once said, that the Great Depression was created "for" Herbert Hoover, not "by" him. She also details some of the memorable aspects of Hoover's early presidency, such as the establishment of farm co-ops, that have been blotted out by his involvement with the Great Depression.
She concludes that Hoover did try to make some sound moves against what was happening, but was thwarted by circumstances. By the time re-election came inthere was nothing he could have done to turn around the situation. The First Years In his campaign speech inHoover praised the American form of government and all that it had achieved.
He recognized that during WWI, it was necessary to rely on the government for "the preservation of state. When the war closed, the most vital of all issues both in our own country and throughout the world was whether governments should continue their wartime ownership and operation of many instrumentalities of production and distribution.
We were challenged with a peacetime choice between the American system of rugged individualism and a European philosophy of diametrically opposed doctrines -- doctrines of paternalism and state socialism.
The acceptance of these ideas would have meant the destruction of self-government through centralization of government. It would have meant the undermining of the individual initiative and enterprise through which our people have grown to unparalleled greatness.
In his speech, Hoover decried the thrust of government into business as impairing very life and freedom. As a positive example, he stressed what had happened to the railroad industry since it went from a government to privately run enterprise.
During and for some time after the war, the U. Department of Transportation found it necessary to operate the railways. However, the federal government handled its responsibilities so poorly, that the railroads were not able to meet transportation demands.
Wages of employees have improved by thirteen percent.
And chain stores dominated retail sales. Any difficulties in these sectors would have national repercussions.
Ironically, the year Hoover was giving his speech, the economy was already on its downward rollercoaster ride, which was entirely unexpected by most people -- even many a financial specialist. Untilincreases in installment buying by a growing number of white-collar workers consumed the scores of products pouring off assembly lines.
In addition, businesses such as gasoline filling stations, repair garages, auto dealers, highway restaurants, and vacation hotels relied heavily on the automobile. Yet the sponge can only take so much water. Sadly, the country's economy depended significantly on this car buying, and the domino effect began.
As the automobile business slumped, so too did other areas of manufacturing and production.Rugged individualism was the phrase used often by Herbert Hoover during his time as president.
It refers to the idea that each individual should be able to help themselves out, and that the government does not need to involve itself in people's economic lives nor in national economics in general.
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Roosevelt and People Essay. unemployment rate and greatest financial crisis ever to date”; The Great Depression.
The relief program came from President Franklin Roosevelt who had some success after many attempts of federal relief from the prior Hoover administration failed. Towards the end of his presidency particularly, Hoover was being denigrated for his interventionist attitude.
Roosevelt used these accusations, and Hoover’s guilt for having raised a budget deficit, to advance his own election campaign. Reaction to Herbert Hoover Quote ; We provide reliable homework help online and custom college.
However, Hoover is known for his inability to sue federal powers to overcome the Depression quickly and effectively. Some recent historians have been more sympathetic towards Hoover because they believe he was a victim of both his own mindset and of one of the most difficult to solve crises in .
Herbert Hoover Son of a Quaker blacksmith, Herbert Clark Hoover brought to the Presidency an unparalleled reputation for public service as an engineer, administrator, and humanitarian.
Born in an Iowa village in , he grew up in Oregon.