The proclaimed purpose of the Crusades, which were often requested and encouraged by papal policy, was to recover the city of Jerusalem as well as other eastern locations of religious pilgrimage all located in an area referred to as the Holy Land by Christians from the control of the Muslims. During the mid-eleventh century, Muslim Turks conquered Syria and Palestine, causing concern among Western Christians.
So, Pope Urban II told people that if they fought in a crusade to capture Jerusalem, they were guaranteed a spot in heaven, also called the Holy Kingdom. Thus, the first crusade was launched in August of heading for Jerusalem. In mid-July of the Crusaders captured Jerusalem. After their victory they slaughtered many men, women, and children who lived in Jerusalem.
The Second Crusade was to recapture the city Edessa from the turks who were pushing to retake Jerusalem, but it failed. Inthe city of Jerusalem was reclaimed by the turks led by Saladin. The Third Crusade was to recapture the city of Jerusalem, but wanting to end the bloodshed, one of the leaders of the Crusade, King Richard I of England made a peace treaty with Saladin, ending the Third Crusade.
The Fourth Crusade was again meant to recapture Jerusalem, but because of problems between Rome and the Byzantine Empire, the crusaders declared war on Byzantine and sacked the capital city Constantinople.
The effects of the crusades always hurt the rest of the world, nothing good ever came of them. In the First Crusade, after the Christians captured the city, the men, women, and children of Jerusalem were slaughtered. This action caused the Muslims to completely hate the Christians and want revenge. The goals of every crusade besides the second one was to capture Jerusalem, and the first crusade was a success.
Other than the first crusade, all the other crusades resulted in crushing defeats which progressively killed the spirits of the people fighting.
Eventually, the spirit behind the original idea of the crusades was lost. The only reason most people went to fight was because of the things they were promised.Published: 23rd March, This essay has been submitted by a student.
This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. The Third Crusade has a unique place in historiography as one of the most divisive unresolved conflicts of the Middle Ages.
The Third Crusade was to recapture the city of Jerusalem, but wanting to end the bloodshed, one of the leaders of the Crusade, King Richard I of England made a peace treaty with Saladin, ending the Third Crusade/5(1). After the failed Second Crusade, the Muslim leader Saladin and his Egyptian troops struck many of the Crusaders’ strongholds in ; that year, Jerusalem was again captured by Muslim forces.
The Third Crusade, proclaimed by Pope Gregory VIII, set out after Jersusalem was taken.
The Crusades: Europe's Greatest Triumph Essay - Were the crusades worthwhile. The crusades were a number of military campaigns fought from to , there were nine crusades in total. The Third Crusade has a unique place in historiography as one of the most divisive unresolved conflicts of the Middle Ages.
The Third Crusade remains an unparalleled chapter in medieval European history, for the unprecedented involvement of royalty, and in the ancient history of .
In , an unfortunate children’s crusade came to closure with thousands of children being sold into slavery, lost or even maimed. There was some less disastrous crusades which were equally futile in the 13th century, and the last invasion of the Muslim territory fell in History suggests the crusaders as a mixture of rewards and horrors.